An Introduction to Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities

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Introduciton to Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities
There are thousands and thousands of different ways you can invest your money, everything from the stock market to llama farms. As you probably know, not all investments are created equally, and not all investors are the same either. Depending on your stage of life and your risk tolerance, you might be looking for a…

There are thousands and thousands of different ways you can invest your money, everything from the stock market to llama farms. As you probably know, not all investments are created equally, and not all investors are the same either. Depending on your stage of life and your risk tolerance, you might be looking for a safe investment.

If you’re concerned about inflation, Uncle Sam offers an investment that protects you from the vagaries of the Consumer Price Index. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, or TIPS, are a safe investment and are backed by the U.S. government. Here is what you need to know about this investment:

How TIPS Work

Introduciton to Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities

TIPS bonds are sold in maturity rates of 5, 10, 20, or 30 years. They pay a fixed rate of interest, but the amount of your principal can fluctuate with inflation. Basically, twice a year, the government uses the Consumer Price Index to readjust the value of your TIPS. For example, your $1000 TIPS bond will be worth $1030 with 3% inflation. This means you will maintain the same buying power with your principal, even with spikes in inflation.

Even though deflation can also have a negative impact on your TIPS investment, there is a floor below which your principal cannot fall. The same $1000 bond will not fall below the original principal value of $1000, even if prices fall by a significant amount.

Income and Taxes

Interest is paid on these investments every six months. Annual inflationary increases to the principal are also considered to be income, which means that you will owe federal taxes on both your interest income and your inflationary increases. However, there are no state or local taxes on these gains. Because you will owe federal taxes on your income from TIPS, it makes the most sense to hold them in an IRA or other tax-advantaged account.

Investing in TIPS

There are several options for investors interested in Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities. If you would like to purchase your investment directly from the government, you can visit TreasuryDirect.gov. The benefit of this method is that you will not pay commission or management fee for your purchase. However, direct ownership can also have pitfalls, including having to personally deal with reinvesting earnings, and paying taxes on phantom income (that is, money you don’t receive that represents gains in your principal).

The minimum purchase amount for TIPS is $100 and the investments increments go up in $100 points. The maximum purchase in a single TIP auction is $5 million. If you have questions about TIPS, TreasuryDirect.gov should be your go-to resource. Not only are they the best place to purchase a TIP, they have tons of articles which explain all of the finer points.

Investing in TIPS through a mutual fund will allow you to automate much of your investment, although you will have to pay a commission and an on-going management fee. However, automatically purchasing more shares with your earnings, and having your principal gain distributed to you (as funds are required to do by law), which means you will have the cash on hand to pay your taxes, will be worth the extra money for many investors.

In fact, investing in TIPS through mutual funds tends to the best idea for most investors. Not only does it automate most of investing portion, but it also helps you get the most diversification. If you’re going to be managing time TIPS, It’s important you pay close attention to the inflation expectations in the bond markets.

There are several EFTs (exchanged traded funds) which invest the money in a group of different TIPS. There are plenty of large funds, like the iShares Barclays TIPS Bond Fund, which is the biggest of its kind.

If you’re looking for a simple and safe way to invest your money without having to be hands-on with the money, one of these EFTS is an excellent way to get your money in TIPS without having to managing them yourself.

When to Invest

The best time to invest in TIPS is when inflation is about to rise. Since you earn interest based upon your principal amount, rising inflation means you have more principal to earn interest on. However, because TIPS protect your investment against inflation, they can be a smart addition to any portfolio, no matter what is happening in the market.

The Bottom Line

TIPS offers investors a safe investment with the potential for modest return. While it would be a mistake to only invest in Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, they provide a good core strategy for any diverse investment portfolio.

When you’re looking at your investment portfolio, it’s essential you have a mix of investments. You want a balance of riskier investments coupled with safe investments, like a TIP. Just because an investment is safe doesn’t mean it can’t earn you a decent return as well.

Your investments are the fuel for your retirement dreams, and it can be confusing deciding which investments are best for you. If you don’t feel confident managing your investment portfolio, I would suggest making an appointment with a financial advisor. An experienced and licensed financial planner can walk you through the process of determining which investments are going to be best for you and your financial goals.

Your investments are going to become your income in retirement. Unless you want to be working a second job in retirement, you should guarantee your money is put in the perfect place.

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About Emily Guy Birken

Emily Guy Birken is a freelance writer and mother who loves to share tips on managing the family budget and other personal finance tips. You can find her musings on parenting and life at The SAHMnambulist.

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  1. Rob says

    I’ve invested in a Vanguard TIPS fund for years. The concept behind TIPS, much like I bonds, is appealing. But the bond market today is not a safe place to be. When rates go up, today’s low rates bonds will sink in value fast.

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