We recently wrote an in-depth article about how to become wealthy. The basics are simple: earn money, spend less than you earn, save, invest, and repeat the process. This sounds like a simple set of instructions, and on paper, it is. But a simple concept doesn’t mean it is always easy to put into practice. The good news is that some simple changes in your lifestyle can have a lasting and meaningful impact if you stick with them. Let’s look at some ways you can get ahead of the ball game and start spending less than you earn.
How to Spend Less than You Earn
Spending less than you earn is one of the most important financial concepts to understand and live by. If you don’t live on less than you earn, you will never get ahead. Spending less than you earn may take some initial life changes, but the longer you do it, the easier it is to continue doing it. To spend less than you earn, you need to:
Analyze your financial habits. It is amazing how easy it is to blow through money without realizing where it is going. Take the time to track where and how you are spending your money. You can use a system as simple as a notebook and paper, or an automated program such as Quicken. There are also many free online money management tools you can use to help you manage your money. Knowing where your money goes makes it easier to understand where you can cut back to free up extra cash to pay down bills or save more money.
Make a budget. Once you know where your money is going, you can make a budget. You should have a good idea of your recurring expenses and a decent idea of how much money you spend on variable costs such as gas, groceries, travel, entertainment, etc. Use your budget as a guide to control your spending. As you refine your budget, you should be able to free up some cash flow every month. If not, you will need to make extra money.
Find places to cut back on expenses. I like to save money. Bargain hunting has always been a hobby for me. But saving money is more than just looking for bargains; sometimes it’s about avoiding spending altogether. You can save money by bringing your lunch to work instead of eating out every day, opening windows instead of running your air conditioner, or reusing or renting things instead of buying new. A good example of that is to rent movies from Blockbuster Total Access or Netflix instead of spending $20 on a new DVD. You can even try things like carpooling or working from home to save money on gas. There are many ways to save money, just use your creativity.
Build an emergency fund. An emergency fund may not seem like it belongs in a list about how to spend less than you earn, but it does. An emergency fund gives you a buffer to take care of unexpected expenses so you don’t spend more than you earn by blowing your savings or using credit cards. Dave Ramsey recommends starting out with a $1,000 emergency fund, then graduating to a fully funded emergency fund of 3-6 months of living expenses. I think this is a great place to start. Your emergency fund gives you the freedom to move on to the next step.
Use your surplus wisely – pay down debt. It doesn’t do you much good to save money at less than 1% interest when you are paying 21% interest on your credit cards. If you are in debt, set up an emergency fund, then pay it down before sending all your money to investments. Your emergency fund can help keep you out of debt. Reducing your debt will also lower your monthly payments and hopefully increase your monthly cash flow – making it easier to spend less than you earn.
Spending Less is More than Cutting Costs – it is Peace of Mind
When you spend less than you earn, you are no longer playing catch up and living a paycheck to paycheck existence. The stress that comes from living paycheck to paycheck and worrying about bouncing checks or making late payments can be paralyzing. You owe it to yourself to live as stress free as possible so you can enjoy life. Spending less than you earn is a great way to reduce your money worries. It also allows you to save and invest for your future. Stay tuned for the next article in the how to become a millionaire series.